Thursday, June 6, 2019
Inherent Fallacies Essay Example for Free
Inherent F totallyacies Es evidenceWe humans live in a world were broken fallacies run rampant. In 12 Angry Men the pen illustrates every daylight illogical fallacies people have in the setting of a court jury. jurywomans 3, 4, 7 and 10 have their own fallacies that argon unique to them in the play but can be found in common people in everyday people. In 12 Angry Men the illogical fallacy for Juror Number 3 is a general fallacy. This fallacy is the result of an emotional prejudice by juryman 3 has as he compares the defendant with his own child. Juror 3 says in the play, Youre right.Its the kids.The way they areyou know? They dont listen. Ive got a kid. When he was eight years old, he ran external from a fight. I saw him. I was so ashamed, I told him right out, Im gonna make a man out of you or Im gonna bust you up into gnomish pieces trying. When he was fifteen he hit me in the face. Hes big, you know. I havent seen him in three years. Rotten kid You work your heart out. All right, lets get on with it. (Reginald Rose 8) His emotional prejudice gets in the way of his critically thought through the evidence because he has emotional conflict with his own son.He is sort all teens together because of his altercation with his son, and Juror 3 is just punishing the young man on trial because he cannot come to turns with his own failings as a parent with his child. Towards the end of the play Juror 3 is all alone on the vote count he looks around at all of them for a long time. They sit silently, waiting for him to speak, and all of them despise him for his stubbornness. Then, suddenly, his face contorts as if he is about to cry, and he slams his fist down on the disconcert (thundering) All right (30).Juror Number 4 and 10 each has prejudices about slum dwellers. This prejudice gives way to genetic fallacies in each jurors thinking that at the beginning of the deliberations cause them to vote guilty in the initial preliminary vote. Juror 4, for example , says, Were missing the point here. This boylets say hes a product of a filthy neighborhood and a broken home. We cant help that. Were not here to go into the reasons why slums are genteelness grounds for criminals. They are. I know it. So do you. The children who come out of slum backgrounds are potential menaces to society. 23)The play says that he is a man of wealthiness and position. We can also determine this by his attitude about people from the ghetto from his previously mentioned statement. Juror 10 is prejudice for the fact that he came from the slums,I dont mind telling you, mister. We dont owe him a thing. He got a fair trial, didnt he? You know what that trial cost? Hes lucky he got it. Look, were all grownups here. Youre not going to tell us that were supposed to believe him, knowing what he is. Ive lived among em all my life. You cant believe a word they say. You know that. 5)This line of thinking also can be seen when Juror 4 tells them, Next, the boy claims that o n the way home the knife must have fallen through a hole in his coat pocket, that he never saw it again. Now theres a story, gentlemen. You know what actually happened. The boy took the knife home and a few hours later stabbed his father with it and even remembered to get across off the fingerprints (9). Juror Number Seven has no need to go over the facts again he votes with whatever the majority of the vote is deciding. Juror 7 is in a hurry to get to the play he has tickets for as noted on page 3, Right. This better be fast.Ive got tickets to The Seven Year expunge tonight. I must be the only guy in the whole world who hasnt seen it yet. (He laughs and sits down. ) Okay, your honor, start the show (3). His prejudice that gets in the way of him critically thinking through the case is selfishness, which leads to a slippery slope illogical fallacy in the play. He says to the foreman,I dont know, most of its been said already. We can talk all day about this thing, but I think were w asting our time. Look at the kids record. At fifteen he was in reform school. He steal a car. Hes been arrested for mugging. He was picked up for knife-fighting.I think they said he stabbed somebody in the arm. This is a very fine boy. (7) This statement highlights the laziness of juror 7 to mean for not necessarily do any of those things correlate with killing his father. The prejudices of all jurors are the basis of the story. These prejudices lead to many illogical fallacies that are shown and resolved throughout the play for each juror. They are attempts by the author to show how every day are riddled with fallacies of logic and how peoples personal conflicts cloud their critical thinking to reason. This play suggests that we all need to examine ourselves before we rush to any type of judgment.